Plus BBC News hit by 'gleeful' bias row and where house prices are rising fastest
People consider creativity to be inherently human. However, artificial intelligence (AI) has reached the stage where it can be creative as well.
A recent competition attracted anger from artists after it awarded a prize to an artwork created by an AI model known as Midjourney. And such software is now freely available thanks to the release of a similar model called Stable Diffusion, which is the most efficient of its kind to date.
Unions of creative practitioners such as Stop AI Stealing the Show have for some time been raising concerns about the use of AI in creative fields. But could AI actually replace human artists?
These new AI models can produce endless possibilities. Each image of the robots shown above are unique, yet are generated by Stable Diffusion from similar user requests.
There are two ways to use these AI artists: write a short text prompt, or provide an image alongside the prompt to give more guidance. From a 14-word prompt, I was able to generate several logo ideas for a made-up company that delivers fruit. In just under 20 minutes. On my mid-range laptop.
As you can see from the results above, Stable Diffusion struggles to create art involving words. And some of the fruit are a bit funky.
Yet there is no way I could have produced anything remotely like this without using AI or employing the help of a graphic designer. I couldn’t have created the robot pictures myself either.
The potential of this technology hasn’t gone unnoticed – the startup responsible for Stable Diffusion, Stability AI, is targeting a US$1 billion (£900 million) investment evaluation. But these AI models are beginning to have an impact in the real world, as seen with the prize-winning Midjourney picture. Indeed where AI really excels is producing pieces of fine art that combine different elements and styles.
Yet while AI may do most of the legwork for you, using these models still requires skill. Sometimes a prompt doesn’t generate quite the image that you wanted. Or the AI can be used alongside other tools, only making up a small part of a larger pipeline.
And generating fine art is different to producing digital designs. Stable Diffusion is better at drawing landscapes than logos.
AI models are typically trained to create art using a dataset containing a staggering 5.85 billion images. This vast amount of data is needed so the AI can learn about image content and artistic concepts. And it takes a very long time to process.
For Stable Diffusion, it took 150,000 hours (just over 17 years) of processor time. However, this can reduced to less than a month of real time by training in parallel on large compute clusters (collections of powerful computers that act a single device).
Stability AI also provides an online tool called DreamStudio that allows you to use its AI model at a cost of around US$0.01 per image. In comparison, to use competitor OpenAI’s art model, DALL·E 2, the cost is over ten times that.
Both methods use the same underlying approach, known as a diffusion model computer program, which learns to create new images by looking at lots of existing images. However, Stable Diffusion has a lower computational cost, meaning it requires less time to train, and uses less energy.
Plus, you can’t actually download and run OpenAI’s model yourself, only interact with it via a website. Stable Diffusion, meanwhile, is an open-source project that anyone can play around with. So it enjoys the benefit of rapid development by the online coding community, such as improvements to the models, user-guides, integration with other tools. This has already been happening in the weeks after Stable Diffusion’s release in August 2022.
While vast improvements have been made in the last five years, there are still things that AI art models struggle with. Words in their artworks are recognisable but often gibberish. Similarly, AI struggles to render human hands.
There’s also the obvious constraint that these models can only produce digital art. They can’t work with oils or pastels like people can. In the way that vinyl has made a comeback, technology may initially create a swing towards a new form, but over time people always seem to circle back to the original form with the highest quality.
Ultimately, as previous research has found, AI models in their current form are more likely to act as new tools for artists than as digital replacements for creative humans. For example, the AI could generate a range of images to serve as a starting point, which can then be selected from and improved by a human artist.
This combines the strengths of AI art models (rapid iteration and creation of images) with the strengths of human artists (a vision for the piece of art and overcoming the problems with AI models). This is especially true in the case of commissioned art when a specific output is needed. AI on its own is unlikely to produce what you need.
However, there is still a danger for creatives. Digital artists who choose not to use AI may be left behind, unable to keep up with the rapid iteration and lower costs of AI-enhanced artists.
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.
Joseph Early does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
Residents in Australia’s north west region of New South Wales (NSW) continued to battle severe flood conditions on October 24.Local media citing the NSW State Emergency Service reported 118 requests for assistance were made in the Tamworth, Gunnedah, Narrabri and Moree local areas over a 24 hour period, as flood levels increased.Meanwhile, Fire and Rescue New South Wales strike teams have been positioned across the towns to help with evacuations.Aerial footage filmed by Townlife on October 22 and 23 shows the town of Moree under water.Local media reported Moree’s Mehi River was expected to remain above the major flood level of 8.80 metres until Tuesday. Credit: Christoph Nagele/Townlife via Storyful
History has been made in China after it was confirmed that President Xi Jinping will remain in power – breaking with a decades-long precedent that limits the terms of Chinese leaders.
The thrill of a frightening film can feel euphoric – and mild horror, say researchers, can also help foster lasting psychological resilience
'Love Island' star Molly-Mae Hague is six months pregnant with her first child with Tommy Fury. She has now released a video diary tracking the highs and lows.
Police were called to reports of a fight in Knotts Green Mews in Walthamstow, east London, on Saturday at about 5.08am.
The climate activists blocked traffic on both carriageways of the North London crossing made famous by The Beatles.
French President Emmanuel Macron is in Rome on Sunday for the start of a three-day peace summit hosted by the Community of Sant’Egidio, a Catholic charity known for its efforts to promote interfaith dialogue, notably in Africa. He will also meet with Pope Francis on Monday. Macron is set to deliver a speech at the opening of the annual event in Rome alongside the presidents of Italy and Niger.The gathering, also attended by France’s chief rabbi Haïm Korsia, will mark the latest in a series of me
Activists are carrying out action every day this month in call to end new oil and gas licenses
Delhi’s toxic winter has arrived late this year – but with Diwali celebrations on Monday, air quality is set to crash into the ‘very poor’ category for the foreseeable future. Arpan Rai reports from the Indian capital on how a tough ban on fireworks still won’t be enough to stave off the smog
Maradona earned 91 caps for Argentina, and represented his country at four World Cups. His second goal against England in the 1986 World Cup quarter-final tie was voted "Goal of the Century" in 2002.
Another spectacular day of judo on day 2 of the Abu Dhabi Grand Slam. Brilliant judo and a gold medal win for Great Britain, Switzerland, and Greece. A special day also for 21 young Jewish and Muslim judoka who travelled from Israel as part of the Judo For Peace initiative.
The DVLA’s “rank inefficiency” has been blamed for drivers not applying to renew their expired licences.
New South Wales and Queensland have blocked access to some facilities with NSW corrections minister saying people can’t just ‘wander through at their leisure’
An Illinois resident has paid tribute to Disney’s Encanto movie with a special Halloween display.Joseph Lee has previously put on a Ghostbusters Halloween display, as well as a Titanic display.On Twitter, Lee joked, “Our family loved Encanto so much that our house dressed up as Casita this year!” Credit: Joseph Lee via Storyful
Author Sir Salman Rushdie has lost the sight in an eye and the use of a hand after he was stabbed on stage, his agent has revealed. The Indian-born British writer, who faced death threats for his novel The Satanic Verses, was attacked in August as he was about to deliver a lecture in New York state. In an interview with Spanish newspaper El Pais, Sir Salman's literary agent Andrew Wyle said the 75-year-old's injuries were "profound" and he had "lost the sight of one eye".
The move comes amid an ongoing impasse between Stormont politicians on the issue.
The oldest DNA yet extracted from human remains in Britain or Ireland has revealed that at least two distinct groups with different ancestry migrated to the United Kingdom at the end of the last ice age. The fragments of DNA recovered from the Gough's Cave female revealed that she came from a group which had made its initial migration into northwest Europe around 16,000 years ago.
A Glasgow restaurant is offering diners a special £1 lunch to celebrate an upcoming food festival.
Health Secretary Therese Coffey pledges her support for Rishi Sunak who has been nominated as leader of the Conservatives despite saying “I wish we weren’t in this place” as Rishi Sunak is to take over from Liz Truss as prime minister on Tuesday .
TWO candidates will go head to head next week in Ryde to fill a vacancy on the town council.

source